Written Assignment 1
Introduction to Environmental Science: Endangered Species
Gray bat is on the list of endangered species at Kansas. The Federal and State authorities have labeled the species as endangered. Gray bat falls under the special class of mammals. It was listed as endangered in 1987 and there has been no recovery plan (Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, n.d).
The species occurs in the eastern U.S and distinguished from other bats by its unicolored grayish brown dorsal fur. It almost a total cave dweller and occupies a limited geographical range in the limestone caves of the region. The birds are protected by the state and federal regulations. Gray bat females give birth to a single young one in late May or early June (U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015).
The population decline of the species was due to human disturbance, habitat loss, and cave commercialization. Gray bats live in high populations in caves thereby vulnerable to disturbance by human activities. Most of the important caves for the species were flooded and submerged by reservoirs resulting to loss of habitat. Some activities in the caves like gating prevent the access to air flow, humidity, and temperature resulting in the population decline of the gray bats (U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015).
The management practices include listing, recovery plans, and protection of the habitat. It was added to the list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plants in 1987. The Fish and Wildlife service developed a recovery plan to outline the actions required to help the bat survive. The preservation of the habitat is a crucial management practice for the bat species (U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015). The status of the gray bat at Kansas State has prospects of improving, but the rate is slow. The U.S Fish and Wildlife service have not designated areas of critical habitat for Gray bat that slows the recovery process.
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks;
Kansas Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism: Gray bat (n.d),
U.S Fish and Wildlife Service (2015) Endangered Species; Fact sheet of Gray Bat