Short Answer Questions

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Short Answer Questions– Choose three questions and answer them

Explain: according to expectation value reasoning, you ought not to buy an extended warranty.

An extended warranty is an agreement of a prolonged warranty offered to consumers as an addition to the standard warranty on the new items. According to the expectation value reasoning, every product has an expected value as set by the manufacturer. Thus, extended warranty is a misnomer and is not a warranty at all. It covers repairs and regular maintenance for a certain period hence sold separately. It is therefore not necessary to buy an extended warranty.

Explain: rights and obligations are each a form of Deontological Ethics

Rights and obligations show the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. For instance, if one has a right to religion, then the others have an obligation not to control them. The differences that arise in the types of obligations are similar to those of the types of rights. Deontological ethics is a normative ethical position that guides morality of an action by the adherence to a rule or set of rules. It can be a duty, obligation, or a rule based ethics since it binds the doer to their duty.

Explain: virtue ethics is required for all other ethical theories

Virtue ethics is a major approach in normative ethics and lays an emphasis on moral character in contrast to rules, duties, or consequences of actions. Virtue ethics emphasizes the role of the character and virtue instead of the mere doing of one’s duty. In all the ethical theories, it is important to demonstrate an ideal character trait as a basis for an action rather than seeking only to accomplish a task.

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