RFID Standards in Transportation Industry
RFID simply means Radio Frequency Identification, which is the systematic use of radio waves to enable reading and capturing of the stored data and information stored in the tag which is consequently embedded on an item. A RFID tag can easily be read from up to several feet away from the item on which it is embedded. Additionally, the tag does not necessarily need to fall in the direct line of sight on which the reader is to be tracked easily. A RFID system consists of two main components:
The tags have a transmitter and a receiver. On the other hand, the RFID components within the tags are made up of two components of the microchip and an antenna. The microchip is responsible for storage of the information while the antenna receives the information and transmits the signal.
RFID Standards in Transportation Industry
Standards are required for the operation of most of the RFID applications such as transportation, payment systems, and tracking of the products in the supply chains. Currently, there are both existing and standards while others have been proposed which deal with the communication of the tags and the readers, data content, ways of testing whether the products meet the said standards, and how the standards are used on transportation labels among many others. There is a need for safety and reliability as well as the importance of the transporting industry being able to trace their products throughout the transportation and supply chain (Farmer, 2004).
One of the standards in the transportation industry which will benefit the manufacturers and transportation companies is the ISO 17367:2009. The new ISO standard is bound to help the manufacturers and the distributors of goods through transportation means such as road, rail, sea, and air to track their products as well as managing the traceability of the goods through the standardized tags embedded on the containers. ISO 17367:2009 will help the transportation industry to trace goods during transportation. In this case, the owners of the goods will be able to track and trace their products and any data and information related to the goods at each stage of the chain of transportation, processing, distribution, and selling. Therefore, this ISO standard will indispensably increase the safety and reliability of the goods and ensure they reach the consumers in the best form.
The above RFID standard defines the features of a RFID system that needs to be used in the transportation. The RFID standards in the transportation industry provide the highest level of security for the goods and other things during transportation globally using the RFID technology. Transportation of goods and passengers become easy, reliable, and efficient thus ensuring exchange of goods in the international trade, transportation, and logistics. The standards can be applied to all the industries dealing with transportation, and it has been comprehensively elaborated thus ensuring it is compatible with the physical, command, and data and information levels with other international standards under the general title of transportation.
ISO 17363:2007 is another RFID standard used in the transportation industry in the reading and writing the RFID cargo shipment and specific tags on the freight containers for supply chain management. The standard addresses the air-interface communications which are a requirement for data structures and popularly organized data requirements. It recommends the containerized cargo supply chain and RFID system based on the good shipment tags. Another standard is the ISO 17364:2009 which addresses the most basic features of the implementation of the RFID system to be used in the supply and transportation chain and it is applied to the returnable transportation goods. The standard helps the transportation industry to gain identifications of the RTI. Additionally, the standard gives specifications of the performance requirement of the transportation and the RFID system (Hoffman,2005).
Other standards are ISO 17365:2009 which basically defines the features of the RFID that need to be used in the supply which is used in the transportation units. Particularly, the standard provides the specifications to identify the unit in which the goods are being transported. Additionally, it recommends about the additional data and information on the RFID tag. Others standards are ISO 17366:2013 which contains the features of the RFID that needs to be used in the supply chain and which needs to be applied to the packaging of the products before they are transportation.
The paper has discussed and defined RFID as a system for identification in industries such as the transportation. The paper has shown well what entails the system and how it can be used in the transportation. Additionally, the paper has shown specific standards that are applicable to the transportation industry and how they can be changed to suit the industry and streamline the transportation of goods. There is more information entailing the topic which needs to be unearthed further.
Farmer, M (2004). RFID – The Las Vegas Way. Airports International 37(4): 16-17
Hoffman, W. (2005). Tagging’s Bursting Bubble? Traffic World 269(32):15-16