Spread the love
Week 4 Template Quantitative Article Qualitative Article
The sample





The study sample for this study comprises of 970 female nurses from forty-nine nursing units in university hospitals from Seoul, South Korea. These units are the oncology, general, operating rooms. ICU and outpatient department. The eligible participants were Nigerian immigrants to the US, who could speak and write English and above the age of 18. The study recruited 13 participants.
Sample’s characteristics and demographics





Among the total of 1027 registered nurses 13 of them were from the psychiatric unit and were excluded from the study population. It is because their patient characteristics and work environment were different and unique from other units of nursing. The male nurses were on exclusion from the study. Thus, the participants were 970 female RNs from 47 nursing units. Participants could write and speak English, were above the age of 18.
Data collection process





Data collection involved the use of the cross-sectional study of survey data that was collected from January to February 2013. Data collection involved discussion of a photograph of what the participants constituted to be healthy and unhealthy.
The sampling design





The study uses convenience sampling in including female nurse from nursing units and excluding those from the emergency, administration and psychiatric department. The researchers used snowball methods involving word of mouth in refereeing each other to the study.
Instrument, tool, or survey





   The instruments or the study was to find nurses characteristics such as marital status, age, years of experience and education which the survey questionnaire highlights. The aspects of trust, work demands and justice in the workplace by using the second version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ of a medium size. Probes and open-ended questions were for assisting participants to express, their attitudes idea, perceptions and feeling towards unhealthy and healthy eating.
Validity and reliability of the instrument




The validity and reliability of results are positive in using the COPSOQ II questionnaires as a tool to assess the psychological risks in the workplace. The snowballing method is less reliable and valid because of the high risk of biases.
consent form and Institutional review board (IRB)





The IRB approved the study. Nurses participated in the survey voluntarily, and they were to seal their completed questionnaire in an envelope (Mihyun, Sung-Hyun, & Hyun-Ja 2014).  The IRB approved the study. The interested individuals were then expected to fill in their consent form (Melanie, Abimbola And Rick 2014).


Mihyun P, Sung-Hyun C, & Hyun-Ja H (2014) Perpetrators and Prevalence of Workplace Violence among Nurses and the Relationship between Perceived Work Environment and violence. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2015; 47:1, 87–95.

Melanie T, Abimbola F and Rick Z (2014). The use Photovoice for Exploring the Eating and Physical Activity of Nigerian Immigrants in the United States. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2015; 47:1, 16–24.

© 2021:, All Rights Reserved | Innovation Theme by: D5 Creation | Powered by: WordPress
error: Content is protected !!
Whatsapp Us