Research Template

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Week 4 Template Quantitative Article Qualitative Article
Describe the sample





The study sample was made up of 312 respondents. The sample is made up of 16 women incarcerated in a State correction facility.
Describe the sample’s characteristics and demographics





All study Participants were 18 years and older and were able to read and understand. Every respondent had access to internet. The 16 women form part of two groups. The first group consists of eight women housed in maximum security while the second group contained eight women housed in medium security. The women study participants were between ages 22-51 years. The sample comprised of 6 whites, 6 blacks and 4 Latinas.
Discuss the data collection process





The researchers adopted a cross-sectional survey approach to obtain required data. The prison director of nursing provided the confidential data relating to participants. Study participants provided important information through focus group.
Identify the sampling design





A Convenience sample was used for the purpose of the study. The researchers used purpose sampling to identify research participants.
Described the instrument, tool, or survey





A Survey was used as the data collection instrument. In the survey, participants completed questionnaires. Data collection was done using focus groups.  Focus group sessions lasted one hour. Similar questions were directed to each group.
Summarize the discussion about the validity and reliability of the instrument





The validity of a survey instrument is high as it the researcher can carry out pilot studies to test the instrument.  Survey is also high on reliability. Focus groups often have problems with reliability. It is difficult to ascertain that different focus groups with different people would provide similar answers. Focus groups are strong on validity.
Identify the consent form and IRB





Respondents’agreement to answer the questions was deemed as consent to participate. No approval was obtained from IRB (Bortz et al., 2015).


The researchers obtained written consent from participants. Approvalwas obtained from IRB given that the study involved human subjects (Dinkel & Schmidt, 2014).


Bortz, A. P., Ashkenazi, T., & Melnikov, S. (2015). Spirituality as a predictive factor for signing an organ donor card. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 25-33.

Dinkel, S., & Schmidt, K. (2014). Health Education Needs of Incarcerated Women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46(4), 229-234.

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