Psychology – Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

There are several achievements in life that require humans to be dedicated, committed, and utilize their time effectively. They have to strive to ensure that they attain the set goals and objectives in life and career. The motivation that drives an individual through the tough times and keeps them focused is the foundation for the commitment. The paper provides a comparison of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation having a focus on an important goal that an individual intends to achieve.

Motivation is a theoretical construct that explains behavior and is the reason for people’s actions, personal desires and needs. There are many theories about what motivates people in which one is motivated by both internal and external factors. Intrinsic motivation is the internal factors that make an individual to enjoy doing an activity. It is engaging in behavior due to its personal rewards and for own sake and not an external reward. When an individual has intrinsic motivation, they have fun and seek for skill development and competency, personal accomplishment, and excitement. Some people take part in a sporting activity because they find it enjoyable and exciting. Thus, the behavior is motivated by an internal desire to participate for own sake (Levesque, 2011).

Extrinsic motivation is external and occurs when an individual is motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity with the aim of earning a reward or avoid punishment. The type of motivation is useful throughout life and makes individuals motivated to behave, achieve, learn, or perform based on the expected outcome. The type of motivation is not for fun, development, or learning. The major benefits from extrinsic motivation include trophies, medals, money, discounts, and entrance to certain programs, as well as getting high commissions among others (Reiss, 2012).

The main issue and difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are that intrinsic motivation comes from self-concept, core beliefs, and the internal development. On the contrary, extrinsic motivation undermines the internal factors and is not additive (Reiss, 2012). An important goal of my life is an educational achievement for a progressive career path. I strive to perform well in studies that assure me of a bright career path. I am committed to working hard to achieve good grades and later secure employment. The positive benefits motivate me I will acquire in life due to the commitment towards academic excellence. The motivation for striving in academics is intrinsic. I enjoy working hard for personal satisfaction because it is personally rewarding. Thus, the motivation I have helps in enhancing my striving towards achieving the career goals.

In some instances, the motivation to achieve the educational and career goals is low and requires to be improved. First is to identify the goal as specific as possible. It is also important to understand why one wants to achieve a goal and visualize the result. Writing down the goal and vision encourages an individual to have more successful results than mere thinking about them. Another important aspect is to develop an action plan to achieve the goals and activities written down. The achievement of certain goals requires that individual faces the fears because pessimism is an obstacle to motivation. Fear ought to be overcome since it lowers the morale to strive towards achieving the set goals. It is also important to celebrate the acquired results in the quest for better results.

References

Levesque, R. J. (2011). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: In Encyclopedia of Adolescence (pp.     1478-1479). Springer New York

Reiss, S. (2012). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: Teaching of Psychology, 39(2), 152-156.



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