Philosophical and practical approach to balancing issues

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Ethics in criminal justice tend to offer the way of making moral decisions when encountered with uncertainties that concern what to do is situations involving moral issues. The justice system has the role of keeping the public control and also deterring and mitigating crimes. Social justice is a concept embracing all the aspects of civilized life and links with the notion of fairness and the cultural beliefs about wrong and right. In this paper, it explains the philosophical and practical approach to balancing issues.

Balancing individual rights and public protection

A major issue in criminal justice is balancing the social order and the public protection with maintaining the individual rights and liberties. Everyone has individual rights that we should respect and appreciate. However, given the individual right, no one should be allowed to put the public in danger by their individual rights because the civil protection is also of great significance (Schmalleger, 2011). In this case, my approach to balancing the issue of individual rights and the public protection is providing a priority for human rights, but without threatening the security of the public. I also consider the utilitarian approach in certain situations where I weigh the balance of the negative and positive effect and take into consideration the impact of limiting individual rights and the effect on the common good. In my career, I will focus on enforcing laws that are put in place so as to protect everyone while also respect the rights of all people. For instance, in case a person is acting in actions that put the public at risk such as terrorism, in this case, it will be necessary to limit the rights of the individual so as to protect the public and ensure public security.

Reward and punishment in criminal justice

There are different views regarding rewards and punishment in the criminal justice. In criminal justice, there are people who believe that rewards should not belong in criminal justice. The rewards to be offered need to balance with the need for the court. Rewards tend to consider two approaches which are the utilitarian based on reward on results and the justice that involves rewarding for effort.

In court, there are some actions that may be considered; that may be viewed as being rewarding to the criminals (Pollock, 2016). Such actions can include the plea-bargaining and also the use of confidential informants. The plea bargains tend to give the offender a lesser sentence if they are willing to plead guilty or when they have information regarding an offender that the law enforcement may see as being a bigger offender. Such a situation can occur when the court provides a drug dealer with a better sentence if they are willing to offer information about the higher individuals in the drug operation. The information may help the law enforcement to prosecute the person that they feel committed a more serious crime like importing drugs in the country. In my approach to balancing this, I would consider the example as a means of gaining information on some of the people that would be difficult to gain information and use that opportunity to gather information on the big criminals who the law have found to be a challenge to get.

When considering punishment or reward, I will have to put in mind that there are several factors that are involved that will influence the decision to punish or reward. In the case of punishment, I will be considering the utilitarian aspect that views punishment as being used in deterring potential offenders from committing a crime. Although I may reward a small drug dealer by providing a better sentence, I will also punish his acts so as to deter the potential offenders from committing the crime.

Immoral means to achieve desirable ends

The use of immoral means to accomplishing desirable ends involves the methods used in resolving an issue. The methods that one uses in resolving an issue tend to speak a lot about the whole justice system. In some situations, the law enforcement personnel may consider using an immoral means so as to accomplish desirable ends such as using torture or lying during an interrogation (Miller & Gaines 2016). Such acts can be deception in law enforcement; however, it may be the only method applicable in getting the truth in a case. For instance, an officer may decide to lie to torture a person so as to get the truth about a certain situation.  Such an act is immoral, but it may be the only method to get information. In my philosophy and approach in balancing such issues, I believe that there are times when it is necessary to use whatever means to get the criminal. Therefore, it is acceptable to use immoral means in accomplishing desirable ends. There are some situations that it is impossible to resolve a problem when using moral means. Thus, it will require the need of using immoral means so as to get the desirable end.

Ethics of care and peacemaking criminology

In the justice and criminology perspective, peacemaking can result into several downfalls. It connects to suffering and to end a crime that means sexism, racism, abuse, and harassment. The peacemaking criminology tends to hold repressive policies of the social control that contain lengthy prison sentences and death penalty. It argues that the significant change needs to be made by the criminal justice system and transfer over to the restorative justice. In the criminal justice aspect, ethics tend to be the key element used when making a decision (Pollock, 2016). That may involve ethical dilemmas, and it connects with the codes of conduct that provides a way of making moral decisions and mostly during periods of uncertainty. That involves making decisions that are morally right. The ethics of care normally stress on contextual and situational factors, relationships, and the unique interests and need of the affected groups as the key consideration for moral issues and dilemmas. Ethics of care is of great benefit to criminal justice some of the ethics of care and peacemaking considered to be essential for law enforcement professionals include justice and honesty (Schmalleger, 2011). The law enforcement officers should be accurate, truthful, and complete in all matters. The officers should also ensure that they treat the employees with standards of justice and fairness.


In criminal justice, the moral rules and ethics are essential as they help in expressing the truth and also help in upholding the ethical conduct in criminal issues. Ethics is essential in decision making on issues related to criminal justice. It is important to understand the concept of ethics and also know your view of the world. Having a better understanding of this helps one in dealing with different criminal justice issues.


Miller, R & Gaines, L (2016). Criminal justice in action. Cengage Learning

Pollock, J (2016). Ethical dilemmas and decisions in criminal justice. Cengage Learning

Schmalleger, F (2011). Criminal justice today: The introductory text for the 21st century. Person Education Inc

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