Personality testing involves techniques which are used to accurately as well as consistently measure personality. Personality has become something that people informally assess and describe in their daily lives. When people talk about themselves and others, they often refer to varieties of characteristics of individuals’ personality. Psychologists behave the same when they assess personality, though on a more systematic as well as scientific level. Personality tests are used in many ways which include assessing theories, looking at changes in personality, evaluating the effectiveness of particular therapy and diagnosing psychological problems. They are also used in screening job candidates. The other use of personality tests is that they are sometimes utilized in forensic situations to carry out risk assessments, establish competence as well as in child custody disputes. Personality Assessment has two basic types. These are projective tests and self-report inventories. Self-report inventories encompasses having the test-takers read questions and in the end rate how perfect the statement or question applies to them. Among the most renowned self-report inventories is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, which is abbreviated as MMPI. On the other hand, Projective tests encompass presenting the test-taker with a particular vague scene, scenario or object and posing them some questions to make them give their interpretation of the particular test item. Rorschach Inkblot test is one of the well-known tests under projective test category. Both of these approaches have their unique strengths, weaknesses as well as limitations. For instance, one of the greatest strength of self-report inventories is that they can get standardized and utilize prescribed norms. They also have higher reliability as well as validity as compared to projective tests. On the other hand, the projective test can be used by a psychotherapist to give solutions to some personality issues.
Wiggins, J. S. (2003): Paradigms of personality assessment. New York: Guilford Press.