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Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the current technology of Internet Protocol (IP). It has been included in many computer technologically based systems to support many devices access modern network topology. IPV6 was designed with a purpose of improving and upgrading IPv4 internet protocol. Network hosts and their nodes can handle packets formatted with either IPv6 or IPv4 Internet Protocol. Business entities, individuals companies, industries as well as Internet Service Providers (ISP) can upgrade their systems to support new Internet Protocol. However, transition process involves the provision of new hardware, software, and tools. Many organizations fear configurations, settings as well as compatibility issues associated with migration to IPv6 (Coleen, 2012).

IPv6 Addressing Protocol

The most advanced importance of network is increased development and growth of network addressing processes. IPv6 protocol has lengthened addresses from 32bits to 128 bits. Through the extension of addresses the protocol has given high possibility and room for expanding and growth of the network. Several users can be accommodated in the network. IPv6 has addresses problems associated with increased number computer devices which were a threat that involved a shortage of network addresses. IPv6 provides three types of rules that govern the process of addressing. The first rule is referred to as Unicast, which supports network communication between from one host to another host. The second rule is referred to as anycast which supports network communication from one host to nearest multiple hosts. The third rule is referred to as multicast which is a network communication from multiple hosts to other multiple hosts (Coleen, 2012).

 

Characteristics of IPv6

The network speed is high compared to IPv4 since addressing procedures and checking options are embedded in the header and network examination is performed at destination hence speeding up network performance. The attribute of having anycast addressing capabilities allow network devices to share and distribute messages to multiple network gateways. It allows forwarding of packets to other destination gateways within the network. The routing tables can be updated along the network line (Coleen, 2012). IPv6 is an intelligent protocol that provides special handling of packets depending on the type of data transmitted. The real-time multimedia data and the information are allocated special bandwidth that provided a higher quality of service in presenting real-time information such as webinars, video conferencing, and streaming videos (Coleen, 2012). IPv6 supports a high level of security in ensuring that authentication, verification, and validation of access to data and information is highly improved. It guarantees high levels of security, by ensuring data and information integrity, confidentiality and accessibility. Sensitive data can be handled with special ability to promote higher provision privacy.

Effects of IPv6 in Organization

The process of transition from IPv4 protocol to new  IPv6 has brought various challenges among business entities, organizations, companies, and industries. Main issues associated with migration to IPv6 technology is on security. Network administrators In organization require education and training on how to handle and operate with IPv6. Network administrators and security providers require having clear knowledge about various addressing schemes and protocols (Dennis, 2012). IT individuals require having general awareness in facilitating operations like incident handling and other related activities.

Various institutions have encountered challenges involving compatibility problems. One of the challenges encountered with IPv6 is compatibility differences. IPv6 protocol does not support backward compatibility. Most of hardware and software network components applied in routing packets across the network cannot work with IPv6 protocol. Security analysis tools cannot be applied in IPv6 they require being upgraded to support particular version in IPv6 (Robert, 2010). Organization implementing IPv6 have encountered problems in implementing perimeter protection and in facilitating first hop security. The application of security devices such as routers, firewalls, and intrusion detection systems require configurations and settings that suit IPv6.

Efforts Involved in IPV6 Implementation

According to estimated growth and increase of networked devices, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) estimated that about $25 billion shall be used in 25 years to shift from IPV4 to IPV6 (Carolyn, 2006). Transition process shall require service providers to upgrade hardware and software used in networking. The internal and external network shall require being upgrades by ISP. Efforts towards transition shall require the following budget

  1. Training 34.6%
  2. Network Management 20.5%
  3. Network testing 19.5%
  4. Network maintenance 13.1%
  5. Installation 12.3%

Business organizations such as companies, investors, and industries shall spend $25 billion on IPV6; ISP will spend $136 million while end users shall carry $23.3 billion while hardware and software vendors shall spend the rest within the 25 years of IPV6 implementation. Business organizations shall spend the highest amount and efforts in the implementation of IPV6 (Carolyn, 2006).

Appropriateness of IPV6 Implementation Effort

World Wide Web is running out of Internet addresses with the IPV4 protocol. However, with the implementation of IPV6, there is a guarantee of 340 triple trillion addresses available internet. The ipv6 project shall provide a permanent solution within network and web services through the provision of more than enough addresses for future growth and expansion of network (C

References

Carolyn D. M (2006). IPv6 cost estimates for ISPs: Part 2. Retrieved from: http://www.networkworld.com/article/2308953/servers/ipv6-cost-estimates-for-isps–part-2.html

Coleen M. (2012). The Impact of IPv6, and Why It Matters.

Dennis G. (2012). IPv6 Transition: The Impact on Application Performance.

Robert C. (2010). Potential Impacts on Communications from IPv4 Exhaustion & IPv6 Transition.

 

 



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