New Internet protocol paper

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Introduction

Internetworking has defined the basic interconnection of communicating devices (computers) with the purpose of sharing resources. The development of Internet began in the 1970s and this was applied in major departments within the United States. The devices that got applied in the global network accessibility were limited. The usage and adoption of the Internet have grown in the current 21st century such that the demand is high, and this defines the need and research that got the development of the IPv6 after the long use of IPv4 and IPv6 protocols. Therefore, the current adoption of the IPv6 protocol has taken a different line because of the principles that the protocol is outlined with. It sounds to provide the solution to the current state of high demand for the internet protocol addresses. The paper describes the adoption of the IPv6 protocol alongside the description of the protocol and the market acquisition of the protocol as well.

The current adoption rate of IPv6

The adoption of the IPv6 protocol is to a tremendous growth in some countries though the spread is still limited. The adoption rating is based on eth research that compared the use of the current commonly used IPv4 and the new IPv6 protocol. The researcher from the University of Michigan shows that the adoption of the new IPv6 protocol is taking its place about the next protocol of the IPv4. There are some initiating factors that are pushing for the development of the iPv6 currently in the developed countries. The IPv4 protocol provides the addresses that are too short, and this is making them run out, and this is posing the necessity for immediate start using the new IP version of the IPv6 address version that is defined with a great supply of large and longer addresses. The reason behind the adoption of Ipv6 protocol is that the current world has moved digital, and more devices have been developed with the capability of getting connected to the global network. This defines the need for allocating the many IP addresses, and the commonly used Ipv4 protocol has a limited number of addresses that cannot meet the high demand for the communicating devices (Beijnum, 2014). The world access to the global network was rated at 40% but currently is at 60% meaning the number of mobile phone devices is easily accessing the global network. Belgium is among the leading nations that are highly adopting the IPv6 addressing model with an estimation of 35.1%. Greece follows with 23.1%, United States of America holds the third place with 20.8%, Switzerland 20.5%, Germany 20.5%.  The rate grows slow, and the research defines the growth in eth number of nations moving towards Ipv6 to 76 countries. This is a great improvement and outlines how the iPv6 addressing protocol is getting adopted by different nations (National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 2004).

The comparison of the IPv6 addressing protocol to Ipv4 model defines how the model of iPv6 is growing faster. According to the records of 2004, the recorded numbers of IPv6 paths have a total number of 110 fold increase with a relation to an eight-fold increase in the number of the Ipv4 paths.

Figure 1: Illustrates the IPv4 and IPv6 paths growth from 2004 to 2014

The figure above clearly describes how the IPv6 addressing protocol paths are growing faster and increasing the high rate with higher ration against the IPv4 addressing protocol. There is also a significant showing that the adoption is increasing with the increase in the primary multi-homed edge Autonomous Systems (Asecs) that supports the IPv6 addressing protocol have a significant increase since 2004 (Grundemann, 2014).

The introduction and implementation of the IPv6 addressing protocol are associated with some cost which has been defined by the  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Telecommunication and Information Agency (NTIA). Based on the study done the United States of America service providers IPS are estimated to have the expenditure of $136 million in transforming from the IPv4 to IPv6. Despite the promises that IPv6 protocol is associated with easy administration well tighten security and addressing scheme about IPv4. The IPv6 addressing protocol uses the 128-bit addressing scheme, and this enables the support for a virtually limitless number of IP addresses that are uniquely identified. The cost defined by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Telecommunication and Information Agency (NTIA) comprises the required cost of training that constitutes 34.6%, network management of the software 20.5%, network testing 19.5%. Also, maintaining the network performance at the rate of 13.1% and the installation effort of 12.3% (Marson, 2006). The cost defined contains the software and hardware cost requirements. To get the easy adoption of the new Internet protocol, the transforming cost from the IPv4 to IPv6 should get refined to easy the transformation. The process is taken at the slow rate with the transformation requirements for the new protocol.

 Figure 2: Shows the IPv6 architecture

The IPv6 protocol is defined with the facilitation of securing the transferring of IP packets between communicating computers. The new protocol contains a series of interconnected protocols of the Internet Control Message Protocol version 6 (ICMPv6), the Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD), and the Neighbor Discovery. The figures above describe how the architecture of the IPv6 stands to describe the flow of information using the different networking technologies. The protocols are the core protocols that replace the internet protocol. The architecture contains both the protocols of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). The protocols do always ensure that checksums calculations are performed to include IPv6 addresses. The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) protocol gets updated to store the IPv6 addresses in the IPv6 architecture Transmission Control Block (TCB).

Conclusion

There is the question of whether the IPv6 protocol is worth the effort of improving the resource sharing and internetworking globally. The verification to the query is the benefits that are underlined with the IPv6 addressing internet protocol. The IPv6 protocol has the underlying benefit of increasing the address space so that more communication devices can get that connection to the global network. The IPv4 had limited number of addresses and the current increase in the number of devices accessing the internet the addresses get limited. IPv6 provides an enormous number of new internet nodes and users that can get connected to the internet. The IPv6 protocol has an improved security module than the IPv4, and it adds some other advantages of reducing the network management to the users, simplifying the mobile internet access as well as guaranteeing the quality of service. Supporting to that the world would be stable with the different technological innovations, and thus the IPv6 is worth the provisions of the high demand for IP addresses.

References

Beijnum, I. (2014). IPv6 adoption starting to add up to real numbers: 0.6 percent. Retrieved from http://arstechnica.com/business/2014/08/ipv6-adoption-starting-to-add-up-to-real-numbers-0-6-percent/

Grundemann, C. (2014). New Research shows IPv6 Adoption “is now real”. Retrieved from http://www.internetsociety.org/deploy360/blog/2014/08/new-research-shows-ipv6-adoption-is-now-real/

Marson, C. D. (2006). IPv6 cost estimates for ISPs: Part 2.  Retrieved from http://www.networkworld.com/article/2308953/servers/ipv6-cost-estimates-for-isps–part-2.html

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (2004). Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6).  Retrieved from https://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/2004/internet-protocol-version-6-ipv6



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