International Student’s Impact on USA

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Introduction

There are more international students in colleges and universities in the United States than ever. These findings are according to the report released by the Institute of the International Education. The report continues to show that close to a million students many of who come from China, India, and Kuwait were in the United States higher learning institutions in the 2014-2015 school years. This is an increase of more than 10% from the previous school year. Additionally, these international students come with their means of paying full price fees while learning.

Causes of International Students in the USA

As early as mid 20th century, the United States has been the chosen destination for international students. When these students are presented with an opportunity of pursuing higher education abroad, they are drawn to the United States’ institutions because of the quality of the education system. Additionally, the United States has a welcoming culture and the possibility of the students smoothly transitioning into the labor market upon the completion of the studies (Adams, 1992).

The international students in the United States’ institutions graduating with degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have a choice to participate in the Optional Practical Training (OPT) for a longer duration. This is according to the recent rule by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This is one of the many things that have made the higher learning institutions in the United States attractive to the international students. Some of these changes have taken away the fear of most of the international students and given them the belief that the United States is a place where STEM talent is valued globally.

According to STEM, the United States allows international students and new students to have an opportunity of gaining job experience while still learning. This helps in supplementing the knowledge they gain in their academic studies. OPT is a temporary experiential learning and works opportunity that is directly related to the international students studying in the colleges and universities of the United States. Another reason for flocking of international students in the United States institutions is because of the need for the international experience which has become important in the modern job market.

Impacts of International Students on the United States

International students are known to bring an international perspective to the discussions in the classrooms. Through these discussions, they can challenges the teachers thus motivating them to consider new methods and strategies of issuing instructions that are consistent with their previous learning. Therefore, these students can change content and process of education. This impact of the international students has continued to receive significant attention in the literature.

Many kinds of literature have discussed the positive and negative consequences of international students in the United States’ institutions. International students have led to the internationalizing the education environments of these institutions. However, they have put costs to the heavy demands on the support services in these institutions. The presence of international students in the United States’ institutions has increased cultural awareness. This means that local students can learn from the culture of the international students (Barratt & Huba, 1994).

According to the studies, international students are faced with more challenges than local students. Additionally, in some circumstances they use health services more than the local students. There is a low usage of the support services, and there is no evidence indicating that the international students strain support services. Although there is no study examining the impact of international students on the communities in the United States, there is research that clearly shows the relationship between the international students and the members of the communities in the United States (Abe, Talbot, & Geelhoed, 1998).

Some studies show perceived discrimination and home stays. Although these writings are scantly examined, they show how international students in the United States have defined the roles in the community outreach programs. It is not conclusive whether international students face greater hardship outside their protective environments in the learning institutions. Some international students integrate well with the larger communities. Additionally, some of the home stays of the international students result from the stress they undergo during their studies.

Conclusion

International students in the United States’ institutions are increasing rapidly. Additionally, the benefit of exporting education from the United States institutions has become considerable. This exporting leads to the impacts in the United States as a nation. These impacts range from social, educational, and cultural. This paper has discussed and shown some of these impacts. The paper has also shown reasons why international students choose to study in the United States and not in their home nation’s institutions. Besides what the paper has discussed, there are other impacts which are extensive and impact on the United States more. Therefore, there is a dire need for researchers to immerse themselves in the research to come up with more impacts.

References

Abe, J., Talbot, D. M., & Geelhoed, R. J. (1998). Effects of a peer program on

international student adjustment. Journal of College Student Development, 39,

539-547.

Adams, M. (1992). Cultural inclusion in the American college classroom. In L. Border &

  1. Chism (Eds.), New directions for teaching and learning: Vol. 49. Teaching for

            diversity (pp. 5-17). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Barratt, M. F., & Huba, M. E. (1994). Factors related to international undergraduate

student adjustment in an American community. College Student Journal, 28, 422-

436.



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