Inter-professional and Collaborative Practice and Advanced Practice Nurses
Nursing practice is a collaboration of professionals in different specialty areas whose aim is to enhance the quality of life and the patient outcomes. As such, they have an obligation of working together for the common good of the profession as well as the welfare of the patients. Inter professional practice requires that the health care practitioners understand that patient outcomes are better with a collaborative team approach in addressing the patient health issues (Bridges, Davidson, Odegard, Maki & Tomkowiak, 2011). There exist barriers to inter professional practice that ought to be addressed among the care practitioners. The-inter Professional Education Collaborative (IPEC) is an initiative that includes multiple professionals and designed to advance education for the students joining the health care professionals. They can learn collaboration as a core aspect and seek collaborative relationships with other providers. The essay focuses on a case study in the discussion of the best collaborative approach to adopt.
Inter-professional practice in health care involves multiple health workers from different professional backgrounds who work together with the patients, their families, caregivers, and the community to deliver high-quality care (Hamric, Hanson, Tracy & O’Grady, 2014). Inter professional collaborative practice is key to ensuring safe, high quality, accessible, and patient-centered care (Bankston & Glazer, 2013). I aspire to become a member of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing that advances higher education in Nursing. The agency identifies the need for inter professional education by having a national coordinating body focused on fostering a collaborative, patient-centered care. The organization acknowledges the six national health professional associations that joined to create the Inter professional Education Collaborative (IPEC) (AACN, 2015). Inter professional education uses shared learning experiences among the health profession students to build strong clinical teams that enhance the health outcomes. AACN advances the nursing role in inter professional education by encouraging different professionals in health care to join hands through a collaborative nursing approach. The agency identifies the importance of collaboration by encouraging members from the dental, medical, nursing, pharmacy, and public health schools to work together in enhancing the patient outcomes (AACN, 2015).
From the case study presented, the care providers profiled do not adopt a collaborative approach in their practice. Mrs. Tuckerno is a patient with multiple sclerosis and deserves an appropriate treatment plan. Her internist and the nurse practitioner differ in the choice of the medication required for her treatment plan. There is a conflict in the model of care delivery that may compromise the health status of the patient. Inter professional and collaborative practice requirements compel both care providers to consult with each other and other care providers before deciding on the treatment plan.
The best collaborative approach to managing Ms. Tuckerno’s care is to allow for communication between the two care providers and give details of their decisions. Each of them has the underlying reasons for the treatment plan, but they can identify the best approach through communication. They also need to allow the input of the other specialties within the practice setting since the patient suffers from multiple sclerosis. Thus, the mode of treatment should be based on the advice received from other care providers regarding blood pressure, thyroid disease, diabetes, and the eye problems. The internist cannot have all the required expertise in handling the different health problems without working closely with other nursing care professionals. The required readjustments for the patient’s medications would be a decision made by the collaborative team for the benefit of the patient.
As identified in the discussion, inter-professional and collaborative practice requires that practice nurses work together to enhance the patient outcomes. There is a need for the care providers to share ideas on how to improve their practice. From the case study, it is evident that the lack of collaborative practice results to poor service delivery that can potentially affect the patient outcomes. Thus, collaboration and inter professional practice should be a major priority for nurse practitioners.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) (2015) AACN Advances Nursing’s Role in Interprofessional Education, Retrieved from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/news/articles/2012/ipec
Bankston, K., & Glazer, G., (2013) Legislative: Interprofessional collaboration: What’s taking so long?” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 19(1).
Bridges, D. R., Davidson, R. A., Odegard, P. S., Maki, I. V., & Tomkowiak, J. (2011). Interprofessional collaboration: three best practice models of interprofessional education. Medical Education Online, 16, 10.3402/meo.v16i0.6035. http://doi.org/10.3402/meo.v16i0.6035
Hamric, A. B., Hanson, C. M., Tracy, M. F., & O’Grady, E. T. (2014). Collaboration. In Advanced practice nursing: An integrative approach (5th ed.) (299-327). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders.