Intellectual property Protections
Intellectual property protection rights are defined by the World Intellectual property Organization (WIPO) which has developed some laws to govern the protections that different intellectual properties gets protections. To understand the protections offered to the properties, it is well to have an understanding of some of the intellectual properties. There is the patent that is associated with the particular granting of the right to an invention which is associated with the product or an application that gives the world new ways and methods of undertaking a task. It is granted for the general duration of 20 years. The trademark is a basic distinctive sign or symbol that is used for the identification of different goods and services provided by given person or an enterprise. The design is majoring on the industrial designs that describe the ornamental aspect of a given article renewed to a maximum of 15 years. Copyright defines the rights granted to the literary and artistic works mostly the computer based works. There are the geographical indications applied in good within specific given geographical origin. The trade secrets are applied in protecting the information that is known amongst a group (Cirlig, 2014).
The United States and the nations of the European Union rely heavily on the innovations and creative industries for their economies. This has defined the necessity of the nations to protect and enforce on a large scale the intellectual property rights at all levels within their nations. The United Kingdom has developed a copyright protection mechanism by establishing fact sheet that helps authors of any original works to identify potential issues easily and understanding how to protect the copyright effectively and efficiently. The fact sheet proposes the use of the copyright notices such that the copies of the work are done with notices by using the actual term copyright, the copyright symbol the year and the name of the owner. The notice is always extended with some additional statements to inform the interested party with the works on what to do. There is the recommendation of registering every work and going into agreement with the co-authors to the work. However, not every aspect of the work is protected.
The United States have established a governance law on the patent through the Patent Act (35 U.S. Code) established under the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The US does consider the Patent of Utility patent type. The utility patents have the established duration of up to twenty years. Other governed patents include the design patents that aims at protecting the ornamental designs, the plant patents associated with the protecting the new produced asexually reproducing plants. The US patents law grants the patentees the full right of avoiding people from using, making or selling their inventions. The infringement of the patent rights within the United States is restricted within the borders and not beyond the borders and the patent intents at protecting the commercial exploitation of the invention. The United States has differentiated the copyright laws that prevent a person from copying other person’s ideas. As in UK copyrights majors on already established information, US begin with protecting ideas and even just expressing an idea. However, the same idea can be applied as the law again fails to protect the ideas fully. The patenting in the UK is established in defining that a patent can only be granted to the inventions that take the features of anything that can be developed and used, the something must be new and inventive such that it is not just a mere simple modification to an already existing item. The laws seem to apply to the international level as before being granted the protection; the invention must get through several defined steps before the approvals.
The intellectual property protection in both the United Kingdom and the United States exhibit less difference by the fact that the United States is the superpower, and the UK is among the 7G nations which ought to control the entire world. This defines the less difference that exists otherwise the laws have been defined to get extended to international levels. The UK has extended further than the United States that ought to protect within its respective boundaries. The legal actions laid to the victim are relatively different in the both states such that the US ought to loosen than the UK that has extended to the international levels.
Cirlig, C. (2014). Overcoming Transatlantic differences on intellectual property. Retrieved from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/bibliotheque/briefing/2014/140760/LDM_BRI(2014)140760_REV1_EN.pdf