Discussion Questions

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Discussion Questions

  • In preparation for the Personal Worldview Inventory assignment, identify the key components that make up a worldview.

Worldview simply means seems self-evident. It is also an intellectual perspective on the how the world or the universe is. It is made up of the following six components (Leontiev, 2007):

  1. Epistemology: This component of the worldview refers to what a person believes about the aspects of knowledge and knowing. It also discusses the nature, basis, and validation of knowledge and knowing. While discussing epistemology, one tries to answer some basic questions of what is the difference between true knowledge and false knowledge.
  2. Metaphysics: The component refers to the beliefs that a person holds about the ultimate nature of the reality. Metaphysics tries and answers the general questions of what the ultimate nature of reality is? What is truth? And how is truth ultimately tested?
  • Cosmology: A person’s cosmology consists of their beliefs about how the universe or the world came into being. It also answers the origin of life especially that of a man.
  1. Teleology: A person’s teleology refers to what they believe about a certain purpose. Some of the questions the component answers is whether the universe is purposeful and if it is purposeful what is the purpose?
  2. Theology: The component of theology comprises a person’s beliefs about God. It also answers some of the questions as whether God exists and what nature does God exists in?
  3. Anthropology: The component refers to the systematic study of the culture of man and their artifacts but remains within the context of worldview. It simply means a person’s beliefs about man and how they exist.
  • Based on your reading of the GCU Introduction and the textbooks, what is the main difference between the modern Western worldview and the postmodern worldview? Which parts, if any, do you identify with? Explain

There are various differences between modern Western worldview and postmodern worldview. According to the modern Western worldview, God is one, and he owns infinite wisdom, power, and he is holy. That God has also existed eternally. According to the worldview, God is also personal and has been existing as three persons within himself. The three persons are God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. The three persons have always existed in a loving relationship.

The worldview also believes that the matter is God’s creation and that it cannot exist without the presence of God. It also had a beginning and that it shall come to an end. The worldview believes that God created a human being in his likeness and image having given him freedom to choose, intelligence, and moral accountability.

Postmodern worldview simply describes a way of human thinking that is very pervasive in the Western countries of the last generation that it has existed. It is a typical approach to reality as a way of life that significantly affects literature, education, art, theatre, law, psychotherapy, science, and the study of historical happenings and how people view the religion. The worldview originated with people like Marx, Freud, Heidegger, and Nietzsche. It also describes the attitude to some form of truth. According to the founders of the worldview, it closely borders the New Age thinking. While considered in the paradigms of thinking it cannot be easily considered as a worldview because it holds that there is no story that can easily make sense of the little stories of mankind. The part I can identify myself with is the postmodern worldview because of the belief in the Holy Trinity (Tripp, 1999).


Leontiev, D. (2007). Approaching Worldview Structure with Ultimate Meanings   Technique. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 47, 2, 243-266.

Tripp, D. (1999). Four Major Worldviews.

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