Attention is a behavioral and cognitive process where the victim selectively concentrates on a certain aspect of information which is usually discrete in nature. The victim does not regard the objectivity or subjectivity of the aspect of the information, but all the same ignores the perceivable part of the aspect of the information. Other terms that attention goes with are an allocation of limited processing resources. Attention has recently grown to become one of the major areas where investigation in education, psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, and cognitive neuroscience take place. Attention is investigated actively in some of the areas that involve systematically determining the sources of the sensory cues and some of the signals on the turning features of sensory neurons and how attention and other behavioral and cognitive processes such as working memory and vigilance are related (Jonides, 1983).
Experiencing difficulties in being attentive is a normal and periodic occurrence that happens to most people. Some of the common causes of this condition are tiredness and emotional stress thus causing the condition to most people. Other causes are changes in hormones. Periodic changes in hormone-like the one experienced during menopause and pregnancy in women can easily affect the ways in which people think concentrate or pay attention. The presence of attention problems to an excessive degree comprises the features of certain physical and psychological conditions and problems. The highlight medical condition associated with difficulty in paying attention is referred to as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a restorative state that has been under increasing diagnosis in both children and adults in the recent years. Attention can also be impaired by some rare conditions that affect how the brain functions and some emotional problems (Jonides, 1983).
Jonides, J. (1983). Further towards a model of the mind’s eye’s movement. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (4): 247–50.