COMPARISON MATRIX

Spread the love

Powell-Cope, G., Besterman-Dahan, K., a Quigley, P, Smith, M, Stewart, & Friedman, Y. (2014, October). Understanding of Patient Falls in the Qualitative study on Inpatient Mental Health Units.  American Psychiatric Nurses Association Journal, 20(5), 328-339. Retrieved fromhttp://jap.sagepub.com.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/content/20/5/32

Levels of evidence and its validity

The evidence level for Powell-Cope and Colleagues article is at level VI since the evidence is a qualitative study that used a single descriptive focus group. This kind of research has a weak internal validity. It is not a controlled trial and lacks randomization. For this case random assignments are not for the purpose of assigning subjects to control and experimental groups, it lacks a strong internal validity because the researchers assume that participants for the study have equal clinical variables and of the similar demographic group at the start of the trail. The main challenge with this form or unintentional or tensional bias in the sample and nonbinding enrollment contributes to unclear criteria for selecting participants and also lacks any clear invalid and unreliable tools.

  • Hypothesis/Research Question

The research question is:

  1. Who are the main groups within the psychiatric department 6that should be or who are untreated for the prevention of fall?
  2. What is the perception of these key groups towards the facilitators and barriers for fall protection and fall prevent strategies in the psychiatric ward?
  3. How are the needs of fall prevention within the psychiatry different or the same with other non-psychiatry areas?
  4. What is the perception of risk factors of injuries from falls in prevention strategies and psychiatry??

Research methodology

The study uses the descriptive design from a focus group in assisting the understanding of beliefs and experience of a focus group. This method is the idea to collect information about behavior, norms, attitudes, and member’s innovations.

Chaudhry B, Wu S, Wang J, Maglione M, Roth E, et al. Systematic Review: Impact of HIT on Quality,  Costs, and  Efficiency, of Medical Care. Ann Intern Med. 2006; 144:742-752. Doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-144-10-200605160-00125

Levels of evidence and its validity

The study by Chaudhry and colleagues (2006) falls under level 5 of evidence from a systematic review involving critical assessment of the existing evidence on a clinical question. The researchers have undertaken a comprehensive literature search on the Quality, Efficiency, and Costs of Health Information Technology for medical care. The researchers also appraise the report results and quality of studies through a systematic manner. As a systematic review study that falls under Grade A of the Clinical Level of Evidence. In health care, Systematic reviews are meant to assess the vital issues of a clinical topic.

The Systematic reviews from a methodological point of view are more concerned with the model validity and external validity. Thus, the use of Systematic reviews helps in the assessments of experimental randomized clinical controlled trials (RCTs) mainly on their quality. The systematic reviews are meant to appraise and identify the methodological biases of RCTs reports and for synthesizing the research evidence for a given clinical research method. Thus, usually, the systematic reviews results are applied in healthcare policymaking because they regard it as the strongest level of research evidence. Thus, the study by Chaudhry et al., (2006) is a crucial study for making accurate decisions on the cost, efficiencies and quality of Health Information Technology. It is because the outcomes of this study have a strong internal validity.

  • Hypothesis/Research Question

What available evidence is available from research studies about the effect of HIT on costs, efficiency and quality of health care?

 

  • Research methodology

The researchers have used a systematic search for English-based literature from databases like Cochrane control trial, MEDLINE, Periodical Abstracts Database, and database. The study selection is on comparative and descriptive studies and HIT systematic reviews.

References

Chaudhry B, Wang J, Wu S, Maglione M, Mojica W, Roth E, et al. Systematic Review: Impact of HIT on Quality,  Costs, and  Efficiency, of Medical Care. Ann Intern Med. 2006; 144:742-752. Doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-144-10-200605160-00125

 

Powell-Cope, G., Besterman-Dahan, K., a Quigley, P, Smith, M, Stewart,  & Friedman, Y. (2014, October). Understanding of Patient Falls in the Qualitative study on Inpatient Mental Health Units.  American Psychiatric Nurses Association Journal, 20(5), 328-339. Retrieved fromhttp://jap.sagepub.com.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/content/20/5/328



© 2021: Edubirdie.website, All Rights Reserved | Innovation Theme by: D5 Creation | Powered by: WordPress
error: Content is protected !!