Aerospace industry

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Introduction

The aerospace industry is currently under development and based on the challenges faced; the Radio Frequency Identification technology has been deployed within the industry to have the boost on the operations. The technology is governed by some principles and standards that are currently enabling the advancement of the aviation industry with the use of the RFID systems. The use of the RFID technology within the aviation industry demands the follow of the product standards of operations to fit the intended intention. The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) standards define and describe the way the Radio Frequency Identification system will operate in enabling the communication that takes the transmission of data between the reader and Radio Frequency Identification tag. These standards are defined to get their operations globally, and they are defined and governed by the Association of American Railways (AAR), international standards organizations (ISO), Automotive Industry Standards Group and others. They oversees the use of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology in the aviation industry ( Ayre, 2012). The RFD technology is applied both the flying of the legacy parts that defines the typical airlines and the new parts that describe the typical OEMs and nonflyable parts like the ticketing, GSE, tracking parts, structural parts, the inventory, baggage, cargo and others.

RFID standards

GS1/EPC Class 1 Gen2 (ISO 18000-63)

The technology standard is specifically associated with the fact of prompting the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags and the readers to communicate to each other using the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) spectrum. The tags are patched to different parts alongside the readers that will take the initiate of providing the communication. Therefore, the standard ensures that no matter the tag and the reader, there will be the true communication in a simplified ultra high frequency that is highly desirable for communications with the less cost of establishment. Supportively, the standard acts as the subset of the EPC standard which is relatively associated with the Aerospace and Defense format (Dobkin, 2012).

Business data standard (ATA Spec 2000)

The standard defines the use of required data and data formats during the communications and sharing of information. It is specifically described by the ATA Spec 2000 standard which is a standard found in each and every tag. The ATA Spec 2000 standard was originated from the Air Transport Association to have its application on the Commercial aircraft parts. The major objective of the standard was to improve the airline’s safety as well as the traceability. There are the low men tags that have the information of the product manufacturer’s CAGE code, serial number and other product details that get the tags to have multiple uses across the different areas of business operations. The dual record tags have the memory that s permanently locked for the critical record data hat facilitates the read/write functionality. The high men tags are regarded as the most complex data structures that give the relevant business data that enabled the sharing of data with the OEM, MROs, and the other crafts maintenance agencies.

The ATA Spec 2000 industry standards are defined for uniquely identifying parts that are used in Airbus, Boeing, and other major aviation suppliers. Therefore, the standards provide a way of assigning serialized parts with a global unique security number that aids in uniquely identifying the parts from the cradle to the grave. The ATA Spec 2000 industry standard confines the bar code, RFID and the way of tracing data standards in a single location. This has been adopted by the US Department of Defense in Unique ID (UID) policy of marking the parts according to their costs.

GSI/EPC substandard

The standard is associated with product interoperability. The standards ensure the before a product gets to the usage level it must prove its operability amongst other products. Therefore, the GSI/EPC standards ensure that the software meets all the required standards before their use in the industry.

SAE AS 5678

The SAE AS 5678 standard is associated with the robustness and reliability of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags. The standard outlines the necessity of undertaking the testing, the required safety and the performance that is associated with the initiating of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag to meet the flammability industry specification. The standard is under the broad standard of the RTCA DO-160G industrial standard. This also involves the basis of avoiding the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags from falling off and becoming the FOD. The standard was initially defined by the Society of the Aerospace engineers to get applied to the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags in the different aerospace applications such as the shock, temperature variations, pressure, vibration and others. The standard had a critical objective other than the one discussed as ensuring standardization and cost efficiencies for the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags that are specifically developed for their use in the aircraft (SAE International, 2006).

A320/A330/A380 Part Marking Program Extension standard

The standard has the origin from the Airbus Company where it has been applied to the seats and the life vets for Airbus A320, A330, and the A380. The aim was to improve the efficiency savings in the craft component’s lifecycle management.

A350 Part Marking Program Standard

The standard has also been defined by eh Airbus company to ensure the serialization and line maintainable components of the Airbus A350 with the focus on improving the value chain visibility, the error proof identification and the efficiency of the products lifecycle management.

The Item Unique Identification (IUID)

The standard was developed by the US Department of Defense with the specification of application in the parts provided to the DoD. The parts may include the aviation parts and mission critical parts. This aimed at improving the accountability and the maintenance of the different parts and components of equipment (DPAP, 2015).

Conclusion

The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) standards are outlined differently depending on the technology applications. The technology is currently in use, and many persons are adopting it in different areas. The aerospace is a sampled industry that is highly depending on the technology, and this requires that appropriate standards get defined to have the full delivery of services of the technology.  The difference in locations, manufacturing company’s products and operations requires some way of having a single way of undertaking operations to make sure that the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) use is according to the acceptable level by the all users. Several standards cut across the entire the technology such that they can be applied in almost all industries of use while other are specified on the aviation industry. It is outlined such because the technology depends on the tag. The standards are aimed at maintaining inter operability alongside the meeting of the higher data security.

References

Ayre, L. B. (2012). RFID Standards. Library Technology Reports, 48(5), 20-26.

Dobkin, D. M. (2012). The RF in RFID: UHF RFID in Practice. Oxford: Elsevier Science.

DPAP, (2015). ITEM UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION (IUID. 

SAE International, (2006). Passive RFID Tags intended for Aircraft Use.



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